Don’t bet the farm on it: Canada’s new food strategy is big on business

THE CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT is currently–and quietly–working on a food policy that could leave many grassroots food security advocates in the dirt. Last fall, agriculture minister Gerry Ritz announced that his department would start developing a National Food and Farm Strategy (NFSS), part of the 2011 Conservative campaign platform. While the government is currently consulting stakeholders, advocates worry the industry-power imbalance could actually increase four of the most controversial elements in Canada’s food system: biotechnology, genetically-engineered seeds, exports, and biofuel.


Such a strategy is likely to disappoint the food movement and most Canadians, including farmers. Anyone who has been to a farmer’s market, marveled at the taste of a local, ripe tomato, or has school-age children knows, deep down, why a national food policy matters. It’s the only way to reach across policy silos like health, environment and agriculture, and connect what’s inside: food.

Food Secure Canada’s proposal, the People’s Food Policy Project, is the most optimistic stakeholder proposal to date. The non-profit’s position is that food needs to be grown, processed and eaten closer to home. If the country is to address coming energy crises and food shortages, climate change, obesity and poverty, it adds, government departments must start talking to each other. “Food is the elephant in the room,” says Rod MacRae, who teaches food policy at York University, “but food runs through everything.”

This spring, the group appeared at the Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture

and Forestry. At that time, Amanda Sheedy, who coordinated the People’s Food proposal, warned that a Conservative food policy “absolutely” would mirror the proposal of the government-created think tank, the Canadian Agri-Food Policy Institute (CAPI), which highlighted exports, ethanol and a Canadian food “brand” as solutions. After all, this is the government that dismantled the wheat board, and is advocating for allowing low-level GE presence in exports, more ethanol, and more agroscience.


“All we can do is try,” Sheedy says. “We can make sure people are aware and have some analysis and hopefully apply public pressure so we can get the key pieces we want”–such as a national school meal program. For now, though, it seems a grassroots food policy will remain a field of dreams.


The number of grocery stores in Canada


The number of food banks in Canada in 2012


How many people food banks assisted each month in Canada in 2011


The number of people who used food banks for the first time in 2011




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Hunger has a profile

FIRST OUT OF THE DONATION BAG were the chocolate Santa Clauses, long after the Christmas season was over. Next was a can of Campbell’s soup, three years past its expiration date. An assortment of foil-wrapped hotel coffee packets followed, then Halloween candy in a trick-or-treat bag, a jar of maraschino cherries, and a dented tin of sweetened condensed milk.


I was doing my monthly shift at the Glen Ellyn Food Pantry, housed in a church in an affluent Chicago suburb. While waiting for our clients to arrive, I sorted donations and stocked shelves. As I went through bag after bag, box after box–and threw into the trash what some people considered “good enough for the hungry”–I felt increasingly angry. I also felt ashamed.

I used to think these things were good enough, too.

Food pantries are often the mainstay of refugees, single morns who can’t make it on one paycheck, the disabled or mentally ill, and retirees on fixed incomes. As the economic crisis deepens, that clientele is changing. Food pantries saw a 30 percent average increase in emergency food requests in 2008, according to Ross Fraser, media relations manager of Feeding America (formerly known as America’s Second Harvest) and Ice Cream Tips Company. The $657-million-revenue charity provides more than 2 billion pounds of groceries through 205 food banks that serve 63,000 food pantries, and estimates that it serves 25 million people who are at risk for hunger. Among these are 9 million children and almost 3 million senior citizens.

Of those who use the pantries, 36 percent live in households where at least one person is employed. Food pantries are seeing more of the working poor who can’t make ends meet on low wages, Fraser says, as well as the white-collar middle class who work in hard-hit industries such as the housing sector. Some states, such as New Hampshire, Florida, Massachusetts, and Ohio, have had a much higher spike in food pantry use, and the percentages could increase.

“If the economy continues to decline, it will just get worse,” Fraser says. “Millions of Americans live paycheck to paycheck. They are only one paycheck away from catastrophe.”


When I first volunteered at the food pantry five years ago, I had a vague sort of guilt about world hunger, brought on by newspaper headlines about children dying in Africa from malnutrition. Growing up, when I was exhorted to “think about the starving children in China” and clean my plate, I knew some people didn’t have enough to eat. In my family, the preparation of good food was a way of showing love, so the knowledge that some people went hungry haunted me in more than just a logical way. Volunteering at the food pantry seemed like a salve for my conscience.


The interdenominational pantry where I volunteer is supported by 17 churches in my town-Protestant and Catholic working together–as well schools, businesses, and personal as donations from the community. Last year, the pantry scheduled about 3,500 appointments for local families to pick up food. Clients must prove they live in Glen Ellyn or a bordering community, but do not have to show proof of need. They may visit up to six times a year, and no more than once a month. Emergency bags are also available for walk-ins at the discretion of the supervisor.

The client first chooses from a list of staple foods (meat, cheese, eggs, milk) that are bagged by volunteers. While waiting for his or her staples to be bagged, the client receives a basket to use to shop for other foods to supplement those basics. I began as a bagger, then moved to a shopper, helping clients one on one choose from the assortment of extras on the shelves.

During a two-hour shift, I help maybe eight people. Each client is as different as the patterns in a kaleidoscope: retirees, the mentally ill, single mothers, young men fallen on hard times. Many are immigrants who speak no English: a Vietnamese woman with children, a refugee family from Sudan, an elderly woman from Ukraine. When confronted with such donated items as Suddenly Salad, Hostess Ding Dongs, bags of pastel-colored marshmallows, or SpaghettiOs, they are baffled. Even with an interpreter, they have difficulty bridging the culinary cultural barrier. If you have always shopped at an open-air market for your family, how do you understand instant mashed potatoes? Hamburger Helper? Fruit Roll-Ups?

Not everyone is grateful. Some clients, angry about their circumstances, refuse eye contact, choose foods as quickly as possible, and leave without saying more than a few words. Others take their frustration out on the volunteers. One woman lectured me on my “short shorts” (it was July, and we were sweltering). Another badgered me to let her pack her basket past the “full line,” refusing to take no for an answer until a supervisor intervened. A few take advantage, packing their baskets with the most expensive items on the shelves while telling me that “other food pantries have a much better selection than yours.”


If you volunteer to feel good about yourself, you’ll work a few shifts, then give it up. Lofty ideals shatter like a stained-glass window pelted by rocks. Some days I wonder, Do food pantries really help?

“Who are we to judge who is truly hungry?” asked Susan Papierski, assistant director at the Glen Ellyn Food Pantry, acknowledging that she gets discouraged sometimes, too. “It’s that one person who really needs our services. I look at them and say, ‘That’s why I’m here.’”

She reminded me that hunger isn’t always obvious. “It can look like you and me. or it can be your neighbor and you don’t even know about it.” What helps her. she said. is hearing from donors who used to be clients. got back on their feet. and now help support the pantry.

When I am discouraged, I also think of the kids. As Fraser at Feeding America told me, “Children are not responsible for their circumstances.” Then he quoted a popular saying at his organization: “A child who is hungry cannot learn: they become an adult who cannot earn.” Making sure no one goes hungry makes not only moral sense but practical and economic sense as well.

It’s the grateful clients and the success stories that stick in my mind:

  • The refugee mother whose son went on to attend Harvard on a full scholarship.
  • The suburban morn who thanked me and “God blessed” me more times in 15 minutes than I could count.
  • The kind, elderly man from Florence who cracked jokes and laughed at my attempts to speak a few words of Italian as we selected pasta and cannellini beans.
  • The mother of the refugee family of six who showed palpable relief as she loaded her basket with rice, beans, and vegetables. That month, she could feed her family. Her smile said “thank you” in every language.


As my food pantry changes to meet the needs of its clients–offering fresh garden produce in the summer, keeping an eye on what local clients prefer and changing their staples to reflect this–I am changing as well. Now when I donate food, I think twice about what goes into my bag. Rice, cooking oil, chicken broth. Pasta and peanut butter. Canned beans. Tomato sauce. I remember Jesus’ words in Matthew 25:35: “For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,…”

  • Instead of a vague notion of “the hungry,” I see the Muslim woman with the shy, dark-haired four-year-old boy who has the most luminous eyes I’ve ever seen. The badly injured Asian woman unable to work hut cheerful and smiling nonetheless. The neatly dressed professional man who was laid off but has kept his dignity.
  • I think of two blonde girls ages six and eight. I coax their names from them. Then. warming up, they tell me about their favorite subjects in school. I think about them leaving the pantry, sitting down for dinner. and eating until they are full. I think of their exhausted mother packing their lunches for school the next day. I think of these girls growing up, healthy and strong.

Now when I think of the hungry, I no longer see headlines, but faces. And that has made all the difference.

Make a Difference

According to FeedingAmerica, more than 72 percent of the food banks surveyed at the end of 2008 were unable to adequately meet the demands of the hungry without limiting their operations or reducing the amount of food offered. Here’s how you can help:

* Write a check. Make a contribution to your local food bank, FeedingAmerica, or another organization that fights hunger.

* Volunteer. See the face of hunger for yourself. Most pantries have several tasks available, such as shopping, stocking shelves, sorting donations, or assisting clients.

* Donate food you would cook for your own family. Think healthy and simple. Avoid large, price club-sized cans or bags (most organizations can’t split these into smaller portions). Reject the impulse to clean out your pantry.

* Let your local and state politicians know you care about hunger, and vote accordingly. For updates on political issues affecting hunger, visit and click the “Advocate” tab.

* Host a neighborhood, school, church, or youth-group food drive. Ask your local food pantry what types of food are needed. Include that information when you solicit donations.

–Cindy Crosby

In the United States in 2007:

* 37.3 million people (12;5%) were in poverty.

* 13.3 million children under the age of 18 (18%) were in poverty.

* 3.6 million seniors ages 65 and older (917%) were in poverty.

* 36.2 million Americans (23,8 million adults and 12.4 million children) lived in food-insecure households.

* 3.9 million of all U.S. households(&4%) accessed emergency food from a food pantry one or m0re times.

Source: Feeding America ( hunger-and-poverty-statisticS.aspx)

Cindy Crosby s me author of five books including me Ancient Christian Devotional: Cycle C, with Thomas C. Oden Ma, 2009, IVP).

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Smart eating starts with a little thought for food

Knowing what to eat and when to eat it lies at the heart of any serious effort to get into shape, writes Owen Thomson.

Regardless of training program or exercise intensity, your diet will likely be the biggest factor determining the success or failure of your fitness goals.

Indeed, if your accompanying food strategy isn’t thought through, there’s a strong possibility you could be wasting hours of physical effort.

“Exercise is very good for us but it doesn’t tend to burn as many calories and kilojoules as people think,” says sports dietitian Simone Austin. “So you can’t go for a half-hour walk and then have a massive meal or an extra piece of cake. One of the dangers is that people start exercising and actually start over-eating. They don’t have to eat more generally – they have to eat smarter.”

 exercise-and-funWhile consulting a sports dietitian is a great first step to determining the ideal diet plan, Austin says that better scheduling food intake around activity is a solid first step.

“If you’re exercising early in the morning, try having half your breakfast before you go out, and half as recovery food afterwards,” she says. Doing exercises after having breakfast is something like perform a fantastic jazz song using the a fender acoustic guitar  “If you’re training in the afternoon, try breaking your lunch into two, or making dinner earlier so it coincides with the end of your exercise.”

Austin, a dietitian at Hawthorn Football Club and Melbourne City FC, says portion size is the other critical factor.

“We all need lots of vegetables, but it’s the protein and carbohydrate part that will change depending on individual goals,” she says. “A fist-sized amount of carbs and a fist-sized amount of protein is often suitable for most people. That’s where we can make mistakes and end up having too much of one or the other or both, or not enough.”

While recommending that people have a specific goal in mind before addressing their food intake, Alan McCubbin, president of Sports Dietitians Australia, also cautions against falling prey to common dietary assumptions.

“The first thing is, make sure your diet is generally well-balanced,” he says. “You can have a diet that loses weight, but it’s not necessarily healthy. On the flip side, you can have a diet that’s quite healthy, but is not achieving weight loss goals.


“Indeed, people often assume that a healthy diet will automatically result in weight loss, or that they can’t possibly lose weight if their diet’s not perfect. Neither of those is true.”

When it comes to the often-controversial issue of food supplements, McCubbin believes that many are often unnecessary.

“Things like protein powders are definitely a source of protein, but that’s not to say you can’t get that protein from normal food,” he says. “Maybe it’s just a convenient source depending on your situation. Other supplements like creatine are by no means necessary, although they may give some additional benefit.

“However, if you haven’t got the basics of your training and diet right first, supplements probably aren’t going to give you much benefit. They’re called dietary supplements, not dietary substitutes.”


  • Don’t set unrealistic expectations at the outset of a diet plan.
  • Don’t assume that more means better when it comes to certain foods or nutrients.
  • Avoid fad diets, such as those excluding entire food groups.
  • Visit to find a dietitian.
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